General information Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera. It can either be used to inspect and diagnose a condition or to perform surgery.
The laparoscope allows doctors to perform both minor and complex surgeries with a few small cuts in the abdomen. There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include reduced pain due to smaller incisions and shorter recovery time.
There are two types of laparoscope:
- A telescopic rod lens system, usually connected to a video camera (single chip or three chip)
- A digital laparoscope where a miniature digital video camera is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the rod lens system
Need for Laparoscopy
- Uterine fibroids.
- Ovarian cysts or tumors.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Pelvic abscess, or pus.
- Pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Total Laparoscopic hysterectomy
- Ovarian Cystectomy
- Laparoscopy for ectopic pregnancy