General information Laparoscopy
Laparoscopy is an operation performed in the abdomen or pelvis through small incisions (usually 0.5–1.5 cm) with the aid of a camera. It can either be used to inspect and diagnose a condition or to perform surgery.
The laparoscope allows doctors to perform both minor and complex surgeries with a few small cuts in the abdomen.There are a number of advantages to the patient with laparoscopic surgery versus an open procedure. These include reduced pain due to smaller incisions , and shorter recovery time.
There are two types of the laparoscope:
- A telescopic rod lens system, usually connected to a video camera (single chip or three chip)
- A digital laparoscope where a miniature digital video camera is placed at the end of the laparoscope, eliminating the rod lens system
Need for Laparoscopy
- Uterine fibroids.
- Ovarian cysts or tumors.
- Ectopic pregnancy.
- Pelvic abscess, or pus.
- Pelvic adhesions, or painful scar tissue.
- Pelvic inflammatory disease.
- Total Laparoscopic hysterectomy
- Ovarian Cystectomy
- Laparoscopy for ectopic pregnancy